Test Equipment for Residual Solvents in Cannabis

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Refurbished Gas Chromatograph for testing residual solvents in cannabis

Used Headspace GC Systems for Determining Residual Solvents in Cannabis Concentrates

Options Include:

- Model HP 5890 GC with FID and computer data system configured for testing residual solvents in Cannabis

- Model HP/Agilent 6890 GC System with FID and computer data system configured for analyzing residual solvents in marijuana

- Model Agilent 7890 GC System with FID and computer data system configured for the analysis of redidual solvents in marijuana concentrates

Refurbished Headspace Autosampler for residual solvents analysis

Options Include:

- Tekmar 7000 headspace autosampler with Tekmar 7050 sampler carosel

- Agilent Model G1888 Headspace Autosampler

- HP/Agilent 7694 Headspace Autosampler

Refurbished Residual Solvents Testing equipment will include the following Chemstation Data System for instrument control and data acquisition.

Computer - Intel Pentium Dual-core 3 MB Cache G20303 GHz Processor, 24X DVD Burner, SATA Dual WD Caviar Blue 500GB Internal SATA Hard Drive, 2GBRAM - Brand New
Agilent - 82350 PCI HPIB Card
Microsoft - Windows XP License
Agilent Technologies - G2070AA ChemStation
Monitor - 19 inch Flat Panel Display 1280 x 1024 (NEW)

Other options are available upon request including: additional injection ports, detectors and autosampler configurations.

Our website is intended to be a catalog of system configurations based on our common inventory items. We can custom configure any system to meet your specific requirements.

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Details about analysis of residual solvents in cannabis concentrates

Agilent Technologies Gas Chromatograph System for Residual Solvents Testing in Cannabis to ensure your concentrates (shatter, wax, hash oil, budder, etc.) are free of impurities. Residual solvents are the solvents (propane, isobutane, n-butane, pentane, hexane, benzene, toluene, xylenes, methanol, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, acetone, and others) that remain in cannabis oils, shatters, waxes and budders after the extraction process, which strips the cannabinoids and terpenoids from the plant material.

Due to rapid growth in the medical cannabis industry, demand is increasing for analysis of residual solvents in cannabis concentrates in order to protect consumer safety. This application note details a simple, fast test for common residual solvents using full evaporation technique headspace GC-FID and a Restek Rxi®-624Sil MS column.

Refurbished Instruments for testing Residual Solvents in marijuana


As the popularity of cannabis concentrates increases, consumer safety concerns are resulting in the establishment of new regulations to control the level of residual solvents in commercial cannabis concentrates. The State of Colorado, for example, published allowable concentrations of certain residual solvents in Rule R 712. This is because, although cannabis concentrates can be produced in numerous ways, one of the most common means of extracting therapeutic compounds, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and terpenes, from cannabis is through extraction with an organic solvent, such as butane. After the cannabinoids and terpenes are extracted from the plant material, the organic solvent is allowed to evaporate and then is purged off using heat and/or vacuum. These extraction solvents can be difficult to purge completely, so the finished product needs to be tested to ensure that residual solvents are only present at or below safe levels. For consumer safety, especially with medicinal products, accurate and comprehensive analysis of residual solvents is necessary for concentrates and extracts.

Since residual solvents are extremely volatile, they cannot be analyzed by HPLC and lend themselves nicely to GC analysis. One of the most common and reliable ways to quantify residual solvents is through headspace gas chromatography–flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Headspace injection works by driving volatile compounds of interest from the sample into a gas phase in the headspace of the vial above the sample. An aliquot is then withdrawn from the headspace of the vial and analyzed by GC-FID in order to determine the volatile components of the sample. One approach for headspace GC-FID that is particularly useful for analyzing cannabis concentrates is the full evaporation technique (FET). FET sample preparation involves the use of a very small sample amount (e.g., 20–50 mg), which effectively creates a single-phase gas system in the headspace vial at equilibrium [1]. FET is ideal for difficult and varied matrices like cannabis concentrates because it eliminates matrix interferences that can cause inaccurate quantification, and it also has the advantages of little to no manual sample handling and a very small sample size. Additionally, high sensitivity can be achieved through the creation of a single-phase system in the headspace vial. Figure 1 illustrates the basic principle of headspace GC using the full evaporation technique.
The work described here demonstrates the viability of FET headspace injection and GC-FID analysis of residual solvents in cannabis concentrates. The method is simple to implement, quick to run, and does not require expensive dynamic headspace equipment or mass spectrometric detectors. While the methodology presented here is suitable for residual solvents in cannabis concentrates, it is not applicable for finished tinctures in alcohol. Finished alcohol tinctures contain large amounts of alcohol which will severely interfere with quantification of other residual solvents in the sample. Therefore, an alternate approach is required for alcohol tinctures. This technique also may be applicable for oil or glycerin tinctures; however, it has not been evaluated for that use.

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